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All About Judicial Service Exams (Lower Division)
Judicial Services Exam or the PCS (J)-Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Examination is the entry-level exam.

It is conducted with the primary purpose of recruiting judicial officials such as the Judicial Magistrates of First Class in various departments of the Government as per the requisitions sent by the Government in this regard from time to time.

The State Government appoints the members of the subordinate judiciary under the supervision of the respective High Court. 

We prepare you for the following Judicial exams:

  • Madhya Pradesh Civil Judge Exam (MPCJ)
  • Delhi Judicial Services Examination (DJSE)
  • Haryana Judicial Services Exam (HJS)
  • Rajasthan Judicial Services (RJS)
  • Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Civil Judge Exam (UP PCS J)
  • Uttarakhand Judicial Service Civil Judge (Junior Division) Exam (UKPSC PCS J)
  • Jharkhand Judicial Service Examination
  • Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission Judicial Exam (CGPSC J)
  • Bihar Judicial Services Competitive Exam (BPSC PCS J)
  • Himachal Pradesh Judicial Service (HPSC PCS J)

Judicial Service Vacancies (State-Wise)
Presently, 24 States conduct Judicial Examinations in India. The total number of vacancies in Judicial Service Exams (Lower Division) is released by the respective High Court on the basis of the work requirement, the number of pending cases, the workload, the population of the State, and the area of the State.

​The number of vacancies to be filled on the basis of Civil Service (Judicial Branch) Examination - 2022 is given below:- 


Name of State 

Total Vacancies of Civil Judge





Madhya Pradesh 






Uttar Pradesh




Judiciary Exam Syllabus for Civil Judge
Every State Judiciary exam has a different detailed syllabus. However, all the Judicial Service Examinations have a few common topics for Prelims, Mains, and Viva-Voce.
Judicial Exam Syllabus for Preliminary Paper

The Preliminary Examination of Judicial Service Exams (Lower Division) generally consists of one paper involving Legal Aptitude, English Comprehension, and Law Questions.


Refer to the list of common subjects for the Prelims Paper.

  • General Knowledge
  • Proficiency in English Language and Aptitude
  • Constitutional law
  • Contract Law and Tort Law
  • Transfer of Property law
  • Indian Evidence Act
  • Law of Torts
  • Civil Procedure Code
  • Criminal Procedure Code
  • Indian Penal Code
Judicial Service Exam Syllabus for Mains Paper

The Mains Paper syllabus for the Magistrate exam varies from state to state. However, it is broadly divided into a total of 7 papers; 8 Law Papers, 1 Language paper and 1 General Knowledge paper. The law papers include subjects from both Civil, and Criminal Law.


The language paper holds weightage round 20 per cent to 25 per cent, and the other law papers hold almost 70 per cent weightage. The other law papers hold almost 70 per cent weightage. 

Here is the list of common subjects included in the Mains syllabus:

Paper I: Essay, precise writing, Grammar

Paper-II: Objective test, Aptitude Test

Paper III: Transfer of Property, Civil Procedure Code, Indian Contract Act, Constitution of India

Paper IV: Indian Penal Code, CrPC, Law of Torts, Indian Evidence Act

Paper V: Writing Skill, Court Practice, Translation, and Current Legal Knowledge

Paper VI: Judgment Writing ( Civil law, and Criminal Law)

Paper VII: Translation Paper

Judicial Service Exam Syllabus for Interview/Viva-voce

Interview or Viva-voce is the final stage of the selection procedure for a Civil Judge Exam. The candidates are assessed based on their intelligence, general interest, personality, presence of mind, emotional quotient, intelligence quotient, and communications skills. 


The final merit list is prepared by adding the marks obtained by a candidate in the mains exam and the interview.  A candidate must secure at least 35% marks in the interview to qualify for the final merit list.

Responsibility, Salary, and Perks of a Civil Judge

Civil Judge (Junior Division) decides civil cases of small pecuniary stake. He determines whether the evidence is acceptable or not. A Civil Judge has the authority to question witnesses and is authorized to instruct the jury. In Civil Cases, he is the sole authority to determine liability or damages. In Criminal Court, he determines the guilt or innocence of criminal defendants and imposes sentences on defendants found guilty. 


In India, civil judges earn a fairly good salary. As per the 7th pay commission, the average salary for a Civil judge ranges from INR 30,000 to INR 80,000 per month. However, the salary of a Civil Judge (Lower Judiciary) varies depending on various factors such as state, the position of profession, and experience. 

After the implementation of the Second Pay Commission, the remuneration structure of the Civil Judge (Junior Division) Cum Judicial Magistrate will increase tremendously. Unlike civil servants, police officers, or administrators, judicial officers are posted in the district headquarters.

Below is a list of other benefits and allowances available to all civil judges in addition to their basic salary.

  • House Rent Allowance
  • Travel Allowance
  • Electricity Bill
  • Phone Bill
  • Water Bill
  • Car Facility
  • Vehicle Maintenance
  • Pension after Retirement


Life of a Civil Judge

Judicial service is a worthwhile option for those who aim to serve the public with high social esteem. It offers a secure, safe and stable career with a comfortable compensation package.  A Civil Judge is a representative of not merely the High Court but also the system of Indian Judiciary on the whole. Being a Civil Judge is an intellectually demanding job. There are vast ramifications of every decision of the court on the lives of the common people. So, a Judge must analyse the facts well and apply relevant legal provisions in granting relief to the parties. The real struggle for a judicial officer is to strike a delicate balance between the generosity of powers and the judiciousness of discretion.

Why Choose Judiciary Gold for Judiciary Exam Preparation?

There is uncertainty in the law aspirants related to their career choices after class 12. Finding the best coaching can sometimes feel like finding a needle in a haystack. So, we present a couple of good reasons to choose us.

  • Judiciary Gold is a toprankers leading initiative that guides the judicial services aspirants.
  • From concepts to cracking it, Judiciary Good is a one-stop solution for all your judiciary needs. 
  • Take live classes, test series, instant doubt-solving sessions, and batch courses, and learn 100+ subjects from the comfort of your home!
  • Unlock the secret to becoming a civil judge with interactive live classes of Judiciary Gold.
  • Embark on the journey to crack your dream judiciary exam with comprehensive study material.
  • Get the 360 degrees insights into a topic from the best teachers.
  • Attend Live Classes, participate in the live sessions, and get your doubts cleared during the class.
  • Achieve the best results with 200+ mock tests and free analysis.
  • Get the best Judiciary coaching at the best prices.
  • Dive into the best learning experience with structured courses, and live interactive sessions.
  • Get all the doubts answered at the tip of your fingers at the Telegram doubts groups.
  • Learn the in-depth concepts from the iconic educator in India.
  • Get unlimited access to live courses of 1200+ hours.

Judiciary Gold in Numbers:


100K+ Learners impacted | 500+ Live Classes launched per month | 100+ Registered Educators on the platform | 4oo+ Free Live Classes conducted everyday | 1.7M+ Total minutes of videos every month.

Judicial Service Exam Latest News

Notification released by Punjab Public Service Commission vid Advertisement Number 2022103.

  • Punjab Public Service Commission vid Advertisement Number 2022103 released the notification for Punjab Judiciary Exam 2022.
  • A total of 159 vacancies are announced for the position of Civil Judge (Junior Division) Cum Judicial Magistrate in Punjab. 
  • The notification was released on September 07, 2022.
  • October 10, 2022, is the last date for filling out the online application form of the Punjab Judiciary.

Interview schedule released by Haryana Public Service Commission

  • HPSC has released the interview schedule for the posts of HCS (Judicial Branch) - 2021 on its official website. 
  • The Commission is set to conduct the interview for the positions of HCS (Judicial Branch)- 2021 from September 05, 2022, till September 23, 2022.

Why Judiciary Gold?

Leaders in Judiciary Exam training

Preparing aspirants for various state-level judiciary exams in MP, DL, HP, HR, UP, UK, JH, CH, BR, GJ, MH, TN, TL, KL and more. 

Comprehensive Preparation Guaranteed

Live classes, mock tests, detailed performance reviews & more are yours to take advantage of!

Excellent Results

Our students have achieved AIR 1, 6, 7, 12, 35 in the MPCJ 2019 Exam & AIR 4, 11, 14 in the RJS 2022 Exam!


Experienced Faculties

Faculties with experience in training students across different states for the Judicial Services Exams will teach you at Judiciary Gold.

Our MPCJ 2022 Toppers
Our RJS 2022 Toppers

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